Introduction to the Tiger Barb

The Tiger barb is one of many barb species that are generally kept by freshwater aquarists. Around 2.6 million fish where imported to the United States in 1992, which made the Tiger Barb 10th on the list of the most commonly imported ornamental fish species.

You can typically find many different captive bred hybrids in the aquarium trade. These hybrids are generally bred for their color, and as such, sold as Green Tiger Barbs, Albino Tiger Barbs and Gold Tiger Barbs. The Green variety has a green color due to the so called Tyndall effect.

The wonderful Tiger Barb
A closeup of a tiger barb

Tiger Barb Classification

The scientific name is Puntius tetrazona. It belongs to the genus Puntius in the family Cyprinidae (Also known as the minnow family).

The Tiger barb has been referred to under many different scientific names, including Capoeta tetrazona, Barbus tetrazona, Barbodes tetrazona and Capoeta sumatruas. Pieter Bleeker, a German ichthyologist discovered the fish in 1855 and called it Barbus tetrazona. A few years later, Bleeker described a different species under the same scientific name. Bleeker furthered the confusion in 1860, by using the name Capoeta sumatraus for the first discovered fish, the Tiger barb. These mistakes were not detected until the late 1930’s.

The fishes nomenclature was then changed, and the Tiger barb was given its original scientific name, the Barbus tetrazona. In the last few years, Dr L.P. Schultz, an ichthyologist, reclassified the entire barb group by arranging them based on the number of barbers owned by each species.

The appropriate classification is still under debate however. Zakaria-ismail, another Ichthyologist, has recently said that according to his continuing osteological research that have been classified under Puntius, it is impossible to clearly define the genus named Barbodes.

Tiger Barb Care Facts

Scientific Name : Puntius tetrazona

Common Names : Sumatra Barb, Green and Albino, Part belt Barb

Care Level : Easy

Lifespan : 5 years

Size : 3 inches (8 cm)

pH : 6 – 7.5

Temperature : 70°F – 78°F (21°C – 26°C)

Water Hardness : 5° to 15° dH,

Origin / Habitat : Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo

Breeding : Breeding them can be somewhat difficult. Barbs are egg layers and they will eat the eggs. Try to provide plenty of broad leaf plants for them to scatter their eggs on. Separate the adults from the eggs.

Temperament / Behavior : These barbs can be semi-aggressive. They do best when kept in a school of 6 or more. Getting only of few of them will most likely bring out their fin nipping and aggressive behavior.

Aquarium Size : 20 gallon or larger.

Tank Mates : You should avoid keeping these with fish that are long-finned and slow moving, as they will most likely not do well with this fish.

Fish Disease : Freshwater Fish Diseases – Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment

Diet / Foods : An omnivore that will accept flakes, freeze-dried and especially live foods such as brine shrimp.

Gender : The female is usually bigger and the male often develops a red coloration on his nose.

Hybridization

Since colorful Tiger barbs are favored among aquarists, many hybrids have been created in order to enhance and emphasize coloration. Intra-specific and Inter-specific hybridization has been undertaken, and varying colors as well as distinct color patterns have been the end result. Some examples of captive bred varieties are the Green, Albino, and Golden Barbs.

Tiger Barb Description

7 centimeters (2.8 inches) in length is the longest scientifically measured Tiger barb. There are however several unverified reports of them attaining a length over 7 centimeters and over 3 centimeters in width. Tiger barbs that are kept in aquariums seldom reach their full size.

In the wild, the fish is a brownish-yellow to a silvery color. The fish is adorned with four black stripes that run vertically along the body, hence the standard name. The fins are brilliant shade of orange.

A pair of Tiger Barbs

Albino Tiger Barb

The Albino Tiger barb is beloved by a lot of aquarists and snubbed by others. Albinism is a genetic condition caused by a distinct consolidation of recessive alleles in the DNA of the fish. The Albino Tiger barb must gain this trait from both parents to become an albino fish.

Albinism leads to an absence of pigmentation and the fish will therefore look much paler when compared to the ordinary Tiger barb. Albino Tiger barbs will shoal together with normal Green Tiger barbs and Tiger barbs and are therefore often used to produce a contrasting effect in the aquarium. You can care for your Albino Tiger barbs as if they were ordinary Tiger barbs; both types welcome the same conditions.

Green Tiger Barb

The Green Tiger barb is also known as the Moss barb or Moss-banded barb. It is a captive bred color tranformation of the wild Tiger barb. The Green tiger barb is favored among aquarists as it displays an alluring green-blue coloration or a deep fluorescent color.

The Green variety is very melanistic and echoes this green shade over its black due to an anomaly known as the Tyndall effect. These barbs will shoal with Albino Tiger barbs and normal Tiger barbs. The recommendations for care for is the same as for the normal variety.

habitat and range

Tiger barbs derive from South-East Asia and are indigenous to Malaysia and Indonesia. They live on the Island of Borneo, the island of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Sometimes specimens have been reported from Cambodia, but these sightings have not been verified.

As it is a favored aquarium fish, freshwater Tiger barbs have been imported to many countries by man. You can for find it in Colombia, Australia, Suriname and Singapore. This makes it difficult to know if freshwater Tiger barbs spotted in other Asian countries other than Malaysia and Indonesia are small, indigenous populations or are from fish that have been freshly introduced by man.

The Tiger is a benthopelagic species usually found in turbid or clear water. The classic environment is a medium-fast and shallow stream in the tropics where the water temperature is fairly high. Freshwater Tiger barbs have also been found in swampy lakes where the water level varies a lot. These types of fluctuations is usually associated with varying water quality as well, and the wild Tiger barb might be more receptive to changing water quality than what was previously thought.

A school of tiger barbs in an aquarium

Albino Tiger Barb

The Albino Tiger barb is beloved by a lot of aquarists and snubbed by others. Albinism is a genetic condition caused by a distinct consolidation of recessive alleles in the DNA of the fish. The Albino Tiger barb must gain this trait from both parents to become an albino fish.

Albinism leads to an absence of pigmentation and the Albino Tiger barb will therefore look much paler when compared to the ordinary Tiger barb. Albino Tiger barbs will shoal together with normal Green Tiger barbs and Tiger barbs and are therefore often used to produce a contrasting effect in the aquarium. You cab care for your Albino Tiger barbs as if they were ordinary Tiger barbs; both types welcome the same conditions.

Green Tiger Barb

The Green Tiger barb is also known as the Moss barb or Moss-banded barb. It is a captive bred color tranformation of the wild Tiger barb. The Green variety is favored among aquarists as it displays an alluring green-blue coloration or a deep fluorescent color.

The Green Tiger barb is very melanistic and echoes this green shade over its black due to an anomaly known as the Tindall effect. Green Tiger barbs will shoal with Albino Tiger barbs and normal Tiger barbs. The recommendations for care for the Green Tiger barb are the same as for the normal Tiger barb.

Tiger barb habitat and range

Tiger barbs derive from South-East Asia and are indigenous to Malaysia and Indonesia. They live on the Island of Borneo, the island of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Sometimes specimens have been reported from Cambodia, but these sightings have not been verified.

As it is a favored aquarium fish, freshwater Tiger barbs have been imported to many countries by man. You can for find it in Colombia, Australia, Suriname and Singapore. This makes it difficult to know if freshwater Tiger barbs spotted in other Asian countries other than Malaysia and Indonesia are small, indigenous populations or are from fish that have been freshly introduced by man.

A benthopelagic species usually found in turbid or clear water, the classic environment is a medium-fast and shallow stream in the tropics where the water temperature is fairly high. They have also been found in swampy lakes where the water level varies a lot. These types of fluctuations is usually associated with varying water quality as well, and the wild Tiger barb might be more receptive to changing water quality than what was previously thought.

Three tiger barb fish together

Tiger barb behavior and suitable tank mates

The Tiger barb is typically a shoaling fish and you should not buy this particular species unless you have adequate room to keep at least five fish together, but preferably more. If you keep a small number of them, they can become combative and their fin-nipping habits are usually enhanced.

This barb is a fairly combative species, and the shoal will form a pecking order of sorts. Usually, this pecking order is protracted to include other fish species as well. If you keep your Tiger barbs in a big enough shoal, they can usually be kept together with more gentle species without turning into bullies. Wounded fish should ideally be segregated, since the Tigers are well-known to be aggressive towards wounded fish. Fish with especially long and flowing fins are not suggested as ideal companions for Tiger barbs.

When kept in a shoal, this barb is a very lively species that will spend a majority of its time in the water’s mid-level range. The usual life span in a well-kept aquarium is 6 years.

Aquarium Setup

24 inches (60 centimeters) is the recommended minimum aquarium size. Try to emulate a natural environment when you first set up the aquarium. The shoal should be given enough of room for swimming, but make sure to include hiding spots. Ideally keep the aquarium well planted, and include driftwood and rocks.

Tiger barb care

The Tiger barb is known to adapt to a pH range between 6.0 and 8.0 and a dH range between 5 and 19. It will do best in comfortable and somewhat acidic water, so it is highly recommended to keep the pH in the 6.0-7.0 range and the dH below 10. In aquariums, Tiger barbs are usually kept in a dH as low as 4. Attempt to keep the water temperature in the upper-most part of the suggested range, ideally 74-79° F (23 – 26° C).

Puntius Tetrazona

Feeding

The Tiger barb is an omnivore and in the wild feed on small crustaceans, plant matter and worms. It is important that you provide your barbs with a varied diet that consists of vegetables as well as meaty foods. A high-quality flake food for tropical fish can be used as the base. Supplement with live or frozen foods, e.g. bloodworms and brine shrimps. They will also take lettuce and boiled zucchini.

Breeding Tiger Barbs

In the wild, they are very creative and the population doubling time for this species is under 15 months. They generally become sexually mature once they reache a length of up to 0.8-1.2 inches (3 centimeters), and this will usually happen when the fish is around seven weeks of age.

It is not very difficult to sex the Tiger Barb, as the female is bigger than the male and has a more rounded belly. The male has a peculiar red nose and above the black part of the dorsal fin you can see a distinctive red line. The dorsal fin of the female is mostly black.

If you want to breed these barbs in captivity, the preferred method is to keep a shoal of them together and let them create their own pairs. It is usually a good idea to set up an independent breeding aquarium, as Tiger barbs are known to eat their own eggs, as well as eggs laid by other fish. Removing the adult fish after spawning is therefore highly recommended.